Baluran National Park Banyuwangi, East Java

by - May 31, 2019

Amazing charm of Baluran National Park as Africa Van Java

Baluran is nicknamed Africa Van Java or Little Africa

Indonesia's natural resources provide the needs desired by nature lovers and connoisseurs of beauty. For example, want to enjoy a savanna that is not genuine as in Africa. Baluran National Park is a national park located on the eastern tip of Java. This national park has a landscape that is amazingly beautiful and often dubbed the African jungle of Indonesia.

This type of forest in the national park is certainly different from the type of forest in Central Java or in West Java. Forest ecosystems here are influenced by moonson winds that carry quite a bit of water vapor so that the rainfall is not too large. This forest ecosystem in Baluran National Park is a savanna ecosystem dominated by grasses and fauna typical of savanna ecosystems, such as Banteng, Deer, and Forest Chicken.

Baluran is nicknamed Africa Van Java or Little Africa

Baluran National Park is located in Wonorejo Village, Kec. Banyuputih, reg. Situbondo. Maybe the wider community knows better that Baluran is located in Banyuwangi Regency, this is because the location of Baluran National Park is on the border of Banyuwangi-Situbondo and closer to Banyuwangi.

Baluran is nicknamed Africa Van Java or Little Africa. The nickname is indeed very appropriate, because in TNB there is a vast Savana field with lots of wild animals. Bulls, deer, snakes, buffaloes, long-tailed monkeys that are quite ferocious, buffaloes and beautiful peacocks, all in Baluran. The existence of this wildlife is a hallmark of the Baluran National Park conservation area.

Tourism Destinations in Banyuwangi Baluran National Park

Baluran is nicknamed Africa Van Java or Little Africa

The name Baluran is taken from the name of the mountain in this area, namely Mount Baluran, which seems to stand firm and become a beautiful setting. The area of Baluran National Park is 25 thousand hectares with several types of forests, animals and plants and 40% of them are savanna vegetation. Baluran is also referred to as a miniature of Indonesian forest because almost all types of forests are in Baluran. Inside there are Vegetation Savana, Mangrove forests, seasonal forests, coastal forests, lower mountain forests, and forests that are always green throughout the year.

A total of 44 species of plants thrive in Baluran, among which there are distinctive plants, namely widoro bukol, neem and pilang. There are 26 types of mammals, including bulls, buffaloes, ajag, deer, deer, leopards and mangrove cats. As well as 155 birds also live in Baluran.

Forests in Baluran National Park

Evergreen Forest
Baluran is nicknamed Africa Van Java or Little Africa

after passing through the gate of Baluran National Park, visitors will enter the green forest area throughout the year or better known as 'evergreen' forest for approximately 5 km. Evergreen forests are always green and never dry because they are in a basin where there are underground rivers. What is ideal is that when passing through evergreens it feels like passing through a green tunnel because the trees look tight and the leaves grow thick.

Mangrove forest
Baluran is nicknamed Africa Van Java or Little Africa

This type of forest is located on the North and East coast areas of Baluran National Park, such as in Bilik, Lambuyan, Mesigit, Tanjung Sedano and in Kelor. Short mangroves that grow rather well in mud, are controlled by firewood (Avicenia sp), Bogen (Sonneratia spp), Tobacco (Rhizopra spp), cantigi (Ceriops tagal) and Rhizopora apiculata. Nearly bare salty swamps originating from cleared mangrove forests are found in North Pandean, Mesigit, West Side, and several other places. Some small trees that grow here include Avicennia sp and Lumitzera racemosa but there are no understorey.

Brackish Forest
Baluran is nicknamed Africa Van Java or Little Africa

Brackish forests are very popular with wild animals, because of the availability of fresh water throughout the year. The biggest brackish forest is in the Kepuh River in the southeast and smaller areas in Popongan, Kelor, Bama in the East and Itch in the Northwest. The vegetation here is Malengan (Excoecaria agallocha), Manting (Syzygium polyanthum), and Poh-pohan (Buchanania arborescens).

Bama Beach
Baluran is nicknamed Africa Van Java or Little Africa

After crossing the savanna which is quite long, visitors will find a beach called Pantai Bama, which is approximately 4 km from the savanna in Baluran. Baluran Beach consists of black, white sand, small black beach stones, or coral slopes, depending on the area. The coastal vegetation that grows is the well-developed Baringtonia formation (between Pandean and Tanjung Candibang, in Labuan Merak), pandan (Pandanus tectorius) in Tanjung Bendi, Pemphis acidula in Water Coral, Acrophora, Porites lutea, Serioptophora histerix and Stylophora sp.

Entering the Bama beach area, visitors will be welcomed by very many wild monkeys. Bama Beach has complete facilities, there are offices, warehouses, prayer rooms and public bathrooms. There are also two lodging and canteen buildings. In addition, there is also an outbound play area.

Pantai bama is the best place to see the sunrise because it is located on the Bali strait and faces east. There are mangrove forests there. Visitors can do many activities, such as going around the beach and going to a tree house, then being able to explore the Mangrove forest and visit the pier. In addition, visitors can canoe and must do snorkeling.

Savana Bekol
Baluran is nicknamed Africa Van Java or Little Africa

After passing Evergreen Forest, visitors will arrive in an equally amazing area, namely Padang Savana Bekol. Bekol is a vast and beautiful savanna, and is supported by the mountain baluran. Savana Bekol itself has an area of ​​about 300 hectares out of a total of 10 hectares of Savana in Baluran, which is also the largest Savanna in Java.

During the rainy season, Bekol will present a green and cool stretch. But during the dry season, Bekol will look dry and turn brownish, not only does Bekol apply to all types of forests in Baluran, which are usually also prone to fire. This phenomenon makes Bekol resemble the landscape in the African desert. From here it was dubbed Afrikaan Van Java for Baluran.

Visitors will also be found by wild animals who often show themselves for a long time or briefly. Usually a bunch of wild deer will cross the lane of the vehicle and also those that have never escaped the sight are long-tailed monkeys. Monkeys are wild animals that like to disturb visitors and will ask for food. In addition to monkeys and deer, from a distance a bunch of bulls will also appear. The most rarely found is peacocks, but if visitors are lucky, they will be able to see peacocks with the beauty of their tails.

Ticket : 150,000 IDR (weekday), 225,000 (weekand)
How to get there :
From Surabaya
  • The distance from Surabaya to the area of ​​about 250 km and from Banyuwangi to the region is 32 km. To reach Banyuwangi from Surabaya you can take the available bus.
  • Banyuwangi - Bekol is taken by public transportation for 1 hour.
  • From Bekol to Batangan (the village to the north of Wonorejo), it is reached through a 12 km paved road and taken for 45 minutes by passing the savanna on the right side of the road (east) from Bekol to Bama on the beach which is about 3 km within 15 minute.

From Denpasar
  • This trip from Denpasar to Baluran National Park can be reached through Gilimanuk first. This trip from Denpasar to Gilimanuk can be reached in 4 hours by land.
  • Then cross the Bali Strait which takes 30 minutes by ferry to Banyuwangi.
  • Banyuwangi to Bekol can use public transportation for 1 hour.
  • Bekol to the national park can use public transportation through the entrance in Batangan or Bama.
Operational Hours : 07:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.

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