Borobudur Temple, Central Java

by - May 21, 2019

Tours to Borobudur temple

tours to Borobudur temple for educational tourism for families

Hello traveler. This time I want to discuss tourism which is one of the most famous historical relics in the world. Want to know?? In this article, it will also highlight any tourism objects in the Borobudur temple area

Borobudur Temple is a Buddhist temple located in Borobudur, Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. 40 km from Yogyakarta takes 1 hour drive from Yogyakarta. The temple is in the form of a stupa (tomb, a place to store the ashes of nobles or certain figures). It was founded by followers of Mahayana Buddhism around 750-800 years. Estimated construction time is also based on a comparison between the types of characters written on the closed legs of Karmawibhangga Borobudur Temple with the common type of script used in the 8th and 9th century royal inscriptions. This basis then estimates that the Borobudur Temple was built during the dynastic kingdom Syailendra in Central Java which coincided between the period 760 to 830 AD. during the reign of the Syailendra wangsa. Borobudur is the largest temple or Buddhist temple in the world, as well as one of the largest Buddhist monuments in the world which is included in the 7 wonders of the world

This monument consists of six square terraces above which there are three circular courtyards, on its walls decorated with 2,672 relief panels and the original there are 504 Buddha statues. Borobudur has the most complete collection of Buddhist reliefs in the world. The main stupa (tomb, where the ashes of nobles or certain figures) is located in the middle and crowns this building, surrounded by three circular rows of 72 hollow stupas in which there are buddha statues sitting cross-legged in perfect lotus position with mudras (hand gestures) Dharmachakra mudra (turning the dharma wheel).

This monument is a model of the universe and was built as a holy place to glorify the Buddha while functioning as a place of pilgrimage to guide humanity to move from the realm of worldly lust to enlightenment and wisdom according to the teachings of the Buddha. Borobudur is now still used as a place of religious pilgrimage, every year Buddhists coming from all over Indonesia and abroad gather in Borobudur to commemorate Vesak Trisuci. In the world of tourism, Borobudur is a single tourist attraction in Indonesia which is the most visited by tourists.

The name of Borobudur

tours to Borobudur temple for educational tourism for families

In Indonesian, ancient religious buildings are called temples, the term temple is also used more broadly to refer to all ancient buildings originating from the Hindu-Buddhist period in the archipelago, such as gates, gates and petirtaan (bathing pools and baths). The origin of the name Borobudur is not clear, although indeed the real names of most temples in Indonesia are unknown. The name Borobudur was first written in the book "History of Java" by Sir Thomas Raffles. Raffles wrote about a monument called Borobudur, but no older documents mention the exact same name. The only ancient Javanese text that gives clues to the existence of Buddhist holy buildings that might refer to Borobudur is Nagarakretagama, which was written by Mpu Prapanca in 1365.

The name Bore-Budur, which was later written by Borobudur, was probably written by Raffles in English grammar to refer to the village closest to the temple, Bore (Boro), most temples are often named after the village where the temple stands. Raffles also guessed that the term 'Budur' might be related to the term Buda in Javanese which means "ancient" - hence meaning "ancient Boro". However, other archaeologists assume that the name Budur comes from the term bhudhara which means mountain.

Rediscovery of Borobudur Temple

tours to Borobudur temple for educational tourism for families

When the island of Java was under British control, the general governor Thomas Stamford Raffles in 1814 received news of a large ancient building in the forest near the village of Bumisegoro. Raffles then sent HC Cornelius, Dutch engineer, to investigate. The results confirm the existence of the ancient building.

The Dutch East Indies official of Kedu, Hartmann, continued this in 1835. Thanks to this official work all parts of the temple building began to appear. This triggered the curiosity of world scientists. Various researches and excavation processes continue to be carried out, but not until it is settled. At a certain time, the Borobudur temple had become a loot victim. Many statues and other parts of this temple are sold and owned by other parties, even from other countries.

The process of restoration of the Borobudur temple took place due to various things. Until finally in 1973, the Indonesian government made a request to the international community for this historic heritage restoration. From 1975 to 1982, a major restoration process took place with the help of UNESCO. After the renovation was completely finished, Borobudur temple was included in the list of world heritage sites in 1991.

Tourist Attraction of Borobudur Temple

Now, the Borobudur temple tourist park is the destination of a favorite tourist spot in Central Java. Not only as a tourist place, this historic heritage also functions again as one of the religious places and pilgrimages of Buddhist religion in Indonesia. Two striking things that are immediately visible when visiting Borobudur temple; the number of reliefs (carvings of the walls) and the Stupa. In addition to the beautiful combination of these two things, it turns out that the meaning is also deeply contained.

The Borobudur building structure is built using a mandala style. Besides that it also symbolizes the concept of the universe in Buddhist belief. The temple is square, has 4 entrances, and the center of the temple is circular.There are 3 zones in Borobudur temple;
  1. Kamadhatu. In the form of 160 wall reliefs with an explanation of Karmawibhangga Sutra (the law of cause and effect). Symbolizes the world of nature.
  2. Rupadhatu. Consisting of relief carvings and Buddha statues. There are approximately 328 Buddhist statues with relief ornaments here. It represents the transitional world, nature where humans are free from world affairs.
  3. Arupadhatu. This zone is a circle zone in the center of the temple, in the form of three chambers that lead to the dome in the center. This area has no relief, indicating the highest purity.
Visitors can go up to the temple. It's good to enjoy the beauty around, we also recognize this rich cultural heritage of high value.

Sunrise in Borobudur
tours to Borobudur temple for educational tourism for families

One of the attractions that many tourists are targeting, enjoying the sunrise at Borobudur temple. The panorama of the sunrise at the top of this temple has been immortalized and is indeed very beautiful. I'm surprised if many tourists are willing to come in the early morning to enjoy sunrise here. Unfortunately, the sunrise package at Borobudur Temple is quite expensive. To see the sunrise directly from the temple, the package price for foreign tourists is IDR 400,000 (adult) and IDR 200,000 (children), including snacks and drinks.

Borobudur Entrance Ticket Prices
  • TWC (Temple Tourism Park) Borobudur, age above 10 years Rp 100,000. Aged 3-10 years Rp 50,000
  • Borobudur, Pawon, and Mendut TWC packages, aged over 10 years IDR 120,000. Ages 3-10 years old Rp. 60,000

Event Borobudur temple

Fly 1000 Lanterns during Vesak Celebration

Once a year, Buddhists celebrate Vesak. The Vesak Day celebration in Indonesia is traditionally nationally centered in the Borobudur Temple complex. This year, this event falls on May 22-23.

tours to Borobudur temple for educational tourism for families

This celebration usually starts from Mendut Temple, then walks to Pawon Temple and then goes to Borobudur Temple, the main place of the event. This celebration has now become one of the tourist attractions that attracts tens of thousands of tourists to Borobudur Temple. The most awaited is the flight of 1000 lanterns. The flight is the culmination of a series of Buddhist religious ceremonies in the Borobudur Temple area

Borobudur Masterpiece Ballet

tours to Borobudur temple for educational tourism for families

Involving at least 200 artists, Borobudur Masterpiece Ballet tells the history of the construction of Borobudur in the eighth century in the glory of Maharaja Samaratungga. This show combines royal dance from the Surakarta Kasunanan palace and folk dances that live and grow in Magelang District, Central Java. The two genres of dance are art heritage that has developed since the ancient Mataram era in the seventh century.

Indonesia International Cross Culture Festival

tours to Borobudur temple for educational tourism for families

You will watch traditional ballet dances, both from Indonesia and other countries. They will appear in the background of the splendor of the Borobudur Temple, accompanied by traditional music and the lights. It would be a pity if you missed it.

Borobudur Boko Heritage Bike, Healthy Can the Beauty of Nature Not Be Missed

tours to Borobudur temple for educational tourism for families

Seeing the greens and the fresh nuances of the typical countryside in the Borobudur Temple area you might like to immediately take your bike and drive around to see the scenery.

Travel tips to Borobudur Temple

  • Avoid tours on school holidays or other long holidays

To be sure, when the holidays have arrived, whether it's a school holiday, a national holiday, or a weekend break, attractions such as Borobudur temple will surely be filled with visitors. Even though seeing a crowded scene is sometimes fun, it often makes us a little uncomfortable and not free when traveling, given the limited space and crowding of people.

  • Avoid coming at noon

To be sure, there is no roof shelter here when traveling, so the weather when it is very bright, especially during the day, will make the skin feel burning. When you come here, as much as possible come in the morning or when the sun has begun to lean toward the west.

  • Use Comfortable Clothes and Sunblock

The afternoon sun starting at 10:00am to 15.00pm according to health experts is very dangerous and can cause skin cancer. To avoid this, you should use sunblock. In addition to using sunblock and umbrellas, using comfortable clothes made of materials that are easy to absorb sweat and not too thick will make visiting Borobudur Temple more enjoyable. Given the hot weather that often makes us easy to sweat.

  • Don't Forget to Bring Drink

Borobudur Temple has many steep stairs and the number is not small. So if you want to go around, or if you want to go up to the top, for sure, you need more stamina and don't forget to bring drinks to avoid dehydration.

  • Avoid Bringing Sharp Weapons

When entering Borobudur Temple, there will usually be checks using a metal detector. Of course this is for the safety and comfort of the visitors. So, for those of you who are accustomed to carrying sharp weapons or other dangerous objects with the intention of guarding yourself you should not take them while traveling to Borobudur Temple.

So many of the speakers tried to be able to help travelers before visiting Borobudur temple. Thank you for visiting ^^

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