Tsunami Museum Aceh Sumatra

by - May 27, 2019

The Most Popular Museums in Indonesia

The Most Popular Museums in Indonesia

The Aceh Tsunami Museum is a museum built to remind future generations of the earthquake and tsunami disaster in the Indian Ocean on December 26, 2004. Besides that it can also be an education center and a place for disaster protection if the area is hit by the tsunami again and as a symbol of Aceh community when facing a tsunami disaster.

The Most Popular Museums in Indonesia

The Aceh Tsunami Museum has been named by the Historical Step Traces Community as the most popular museum in Indonesia. Defeated four hundred museum nominations that stood in Indonesia. Six categories contested namely sustainable museums, smart museums, unique museums, museums that are friendly to creative museums and popular museums and the Aceh Tsunami Museum win all of them. In addition, the Aceh Tsunami Museum has a high frequency of visits. On weekdays it usually reaches two thousand to three thousand visitors. On holidays you can reach six thousand people. Visitors are not only Indonesian, but also from abroad.

Reasons for the Establishment of the Aceh Tsunami Museum

The Most Popular Museums in Indonesia

The area or region of Aceh is an area prone to earthquakes. Because this area is on the edge of the impact between the Asian Continent and the Indian Ocean plate. Earthquake experts have a record or track record of earthquakes that have occurred in this large magnitude region. The history of the earthquake was not only hundreds of years ago. Experts suspect there was earthquake activity a few centuries ago in this region. This is evidenced by a typical Aceh stilt house with materials that can withstand earthquake shocks.

The Most Popular Museums in Indonesia

And the Kingdom of Samudra Pasai which was established far from the coast. This proves that the ancestors of the Indonesian people, especially in Aceh, were ready to be prepared for the earthquake. The most recent and what we know is the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake occurred at 8:58 am. The epicenter is on the west coast or off the coast of Sumatra. Earthquake strength is quite high, reaching a scale of 9.1 to 9.3 according to the Mercalli intensity unit. The earthquake occurred for 8 to 10 minutes. The scale of 9.1 to 9.3 explains that a very large earthquake was recorded as the third largest earthquake in history.

The Most Popular Museums in Indonesia

The emerging earthquake is an underwater megathrust that occurs because the Burmese Plate pushes the Indian Plate down. Or in other words the collision between the earth's plates. The push between these two plates resulted in a giant tsunami that hit all the mainland coasts that are directly adjacent to the Indian Ocean. The tsunami height reaches one hundred feet or thirty meters. Total casualties reached 230000 to 280000 people from 14 countries and settlements on the coast sank in the tsunami.

The 14 countries are Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Thailand, Maldives, Malaysia, Myanmar, Madagascar, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania and South Africa. Researchers refer to this disaster as the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake. Some other circles also gave nicknames such as the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the Indonesian tsunami, the South Asian tsunami, the Christmas tsunami (because it happened after Christmas) and the Boxing Day tsunami.

Aceh Tsunami Museum Collection

The Most Popular Museums in Indonesia

The Aceh Tsunami Museum has several collections that discuss the Tsunami in the Indian Ocean that occurred in 2004. The total collection reached 55 units consisting of 22 teaching aids, 26 photographs and 7 models. This event was explained by electronic simulations in a mini cinema. In addition there are also photos of tsunami victims and some stories from several people who managed to survive the tsunami disaster. Then there is also the development of Aceh after the disaster is finished in the temporary exhibition space. The interior is decorated with a very beautiful, spacious and decorated bridge.

The interior and exterior of the Aceh Tsunami Museum are very beautiful and artsy. The wall is winding and full of geometric reliefs. When entering, visitors enter a dark and narrow corridor of 30 meters between two walls of 22 meters high water. Formed like this with the aim that visitors feel panic when the tsunami hit. The museum wall is decorated by people who perform Saman dance. Saman dance is a dance of Aceh culture that is a symbol of strength, discipline and religious belief. On the roof of the museum, the roof is decorated in such a way as to resemble a tsunami.

The Most Popular Museums in Indonesia

The lower floor is designed like a traditional Aceh house that is a little high which aims to save themselves and shelter from the tsunami. The Aceh Tsunami Museum has four floors and the highest floor is used for rescue. When viewed from above, the museum is shaped like a ship. Then visitors enter the Memories Room. This Memory Room displays photos and images of tsunami victims. Assisted by 26 monitors and 40 images displayed in slides like power point.

The Most Popular Museums in Indonesia

The Aceh Tsunami Museum also records the names of victims and the names of survivors. Recording is done on the wall of the Well of Prayer Room. Visitors will enter the Prayer Room after going through the Memories Room. There are around two thousand names of people who were victims of the tsunami. The essence of this room is a mass grave for tsunami victims.

The Most Popular Museums in Indonesia

Entering the second floor, visitors will pass through a confusion hall and bridge. On the bridge you will see the condition of the first floor which is an open place with a pond in the middle. And there are round stone inscriptions that read several countries that helped when the tsunami struck Aceh. Look at the bridge and see the flag from the countries that helped Aceh.

The Most Popular Museums in Indonesia

The third floor is full of educational media. Such as libraries, teaching aids and education panels. Visitors can also learn with the help of a four-dimensional tool. In addition, the museum also provides shelter or refuge if something similar happens again. Like a rescue hill for visitors.

Education of the Aceh Tsunami Museum History

The Most Popular Museums in Indonesia

The management of the Aceh Tsunami Museum once held an education about Smong. Smong is the traditional term of the people from Simeulue Island in Aceh which refers to the giant sea waves that hit the land of Aceh after a major earthquake struck. This Smong word is taken from the Devayan Language which is the native language of the Simeulue people. This local wisdom is increasingly popular when it is known that the number of victims from Simeulue was quite small after Aceh was hit by a tsunami in 2004. Though the epicenter point is quite close to the people of Simeulue. After being studied, it turned out that Simeulue had been hit by a tsunami on January 4, 1907. So the term Smong has been passed down from generation to generation in the form of poetry.

Ticket : 10,000 IDR
How to get there : To get to the Aceh Tsunami Museum is quite easy. As the name implies, this museum is located in Banda Aceh. Precisely at Blang Padang Square and directly in front of the Kerkhoff Cemetery.
Operational Hours : 10:00 am-05:00pm, Friday Closed

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